Energy Storage Systems in Electric Vehicles
Keywords:ESSs, Lithium ion battery, EVs, electrodes, electrolytes, Sodium ion battery, graphene-based ESS
Electric Vehicle (EV) technology can solve number of global issues of the 21st century such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas emissions. However, there is nothing perfect within the world. The main issue of the EV technology is the energy storage systems (ESS) according to their safety, cost, size and management systems. This article reviews types and main characteristics of ESSs of EVs. Moreover, lithium ion battery, its constituent electrode and electrolyte materials and their technological specifications are widely described in this paper. In expansion to this, viewpoints of battery innovation by implies of Na-ion batteries are center of this article.